Donating long-term appreciated securities directly to charity — rather than selling the assets and donating the cash proceeds — is one of the best and easiest ways to give more. By taking advantage of the applicable tax incentives, you can significantly increase the amount of funds available for charitable giving.
Why donating stocks and other securities is one of the most tax-efficient ways to give
A charitable contribution of long-term appreciated securities — i.e. stocks, bonds and/or mutual funds that have realized significant appreciation over time — is one of the most tax-efficient of all ways to give. This method of giving has become increasingly popular in recent years because of two key advantages:
- Any long-term appreciated securities with unrealized gains (meaning they were purchased over a year ago, and have a current value greater than their original cost) may be donated to a public charity and a tax deduction taken for the full fair market value of the securities — up to 30% of the donor's adjusted gross income.
- Since the securities are donated rather than sold, capital gains taxes from selling the securities no longer apply. The more appreciation the securities have, the greater the tax savings will be.
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Donating Appreciated Securities: A Win-Win for Donors and Charities Alike1
The table below illustrates potential tax savings for a couple with an AGI of $500,000, filing jointly, making a direct donation of a long-term appreciated security — with cost basis of $20,000, and long-term capital gains of $30,000
| ||Donate Stock: Contribute securities directly to charity||Donate Cash: Sell securities and donate proceeds|
|Current fair market value of securities||$50,000||$50,000|
|Capital gains and Medicare surtax paid2 (23.8%)||$0||$7,140|
|Charitable Contribution/Charitable Deduction3||$50,000||$42,860|
|Value of Charitable Deduction Less Capital Gain Taxes Paid2 (Assumes donor is in the 39.6% federal income tax bracket)||$19,800||$9,833|
In the end, of course, these tax advantages for individuals also have the effect of benefiting the charitable organization. If you are looking to maximize the power of your charitable contributions — to make a single asset make more of a difference to the charitable causes you care about — consider donating your long-term appreciated securities.
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1 This is a hypothetical example for illustrative purposes only. State and local taxes, the federal alternative minimum-tax and limitations to itemized deductions applicable to taxpayers in higher-income brackets are not taken into account. Please consult your tax adviser regarding your specific legal and tax situation. Information herein is not legal or tax advice.
2 Assumes all realized gains are subject to the maximum federal long-term capital gain tax rate of 20% and the Medicare surtax of 3.8%. Does not take into account state or local taxes, if any.
3 Availability of certain federal income tax deductions may depend on whether you itemize deductions. Charitable contributions of capital gain property held for more than one year are usually deductible at fair market value. Deductions for capital gain property held for one year or less are usually limited to cost basis.